THE ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
At our clinic every patient is treated individually; firstly we proceed with an accurate assessment of the problem with the help of diagnostic methods, such as lateral teleradiography and panoramic x-ray.
Depending on the clinical situation, an individual treatment plan is formulated in relation to the diagnosis.
MAIN TYPES OF ORTHODNOSTIC APPLIANCES
The removable orthodontic appliance, so called because the patient can remove it, is usually the first stage of treatment in children to correct “bad habits”, expanding the palate or correcting mastication to ensuring alignment and correct positioning.
The fixed orthodontic appliance, consists of “brackets” that are bonded to the tooth surface with composite resin cement (each bracket is joined to the other by a wire that is molded or replaced during follow-up visits). These devices can be removed and should only be put in by qualified personnel.
In recent times, it is preferred to use barely visible orthodontic appliances, such as invisible braces, preferred primarily among adults who want to improve their appearance without annoying with traditional appliances.
For some tooth movement it is possible to use certain intra-oral appliances that do not require a lot of commitment from the patient, but at the same time guarantee an aesthetic improvement.
The palatal expander and headgear are one of the most commonly used appliances. The first quickly widens a palate that is too tight, in order to create space where there istooth crowding. The headgear is a metal bow, which is inserted into two bands on the upper molars, and an elastic traction that helps to move the teeth into the correct position.
At the end of each treatment it is often necessary to use an additional device in order to maintain the achieved result. This will depend on and will vary according to the age of the the patient and the orthodontic issues. The restraint is important to avoid “relapse “or unwanted movements of teeth that may negate the positive effects of orthodontic treatment.